Democracy at Risk?

A decade-long worldwide decline in democracy possibly found its apotheosis in the 2021–2023 death throes of democratic governance in Tunisia. The last remaining shoots of the 2010–2021 Arab Spring, which had started its quickening in that country a decade earlier, were extinguished. Motivated by this trend and by concerns that allied programming in support of democracy was increasingly losing traction, the RAND Corporation’s Center for Global Risk and Security convened an international experts’ conference on democracy and governance programming in Washington, D.C., from May 4 to 5, 2023. The conference’s purpose: to begin a reassessment of allied approaches to supporting democracy internationally. This document summarizes the conference’s key findings.

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