Trends in Health in Midlife and Late Life

Gains in life expectancy have recently slowed, and mortality inequalities have increased. This paper examines whether trends in health observed at ages 55-89 mirror those trends in mortality, which may serve as an early indicator for the future evolution of mortality. We found that many health outcomes have worsened from 1992 to 2016, especially at ages below 70, and that differentials in health between low- and high-educated groups have increased among the more recent cohorts. Overall, the findings cast a pessimistic light on the future evolution of mortality rates and mortality inequalities.

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